So what is 5G? Who are the leaders? What does it mean for jobs?
They say that 5G wireless business is worth $500 billion and millions of new jobs.
China and South Korea are the leaders in laying out the infrastructure for 5G – with Huawei at the forefront.
So what does 5G do?
2G delivered text, 3G the internet, 4G brought video, but 5G provides high speeds and a whole new transmission system and dimension.
5G systems support 1000 more devices per meter than 4G, using higher frequencies and secondary antennae to relay signals. It eliminates the transmission inconsistencies and slowdowns caused by buildings, mountains, and crowds.
By 2020, it is predicted that the average American and Aussie and European will own and use some 30 internet connected devices and 76% of data traffic will be streaming video.
There will be 50 billion connected devices worldwide. These can range from existing technology, such as smartphones, tablets and smart watches, to fridges, cars, augmented reality specs and even smart clothes.
Some of these will require significant data to be shifted back and forth, while others might just need tiny packets of information sent and received.
The 5G system itself will understand and recognize this and allocate bandwidth respectively, thereby not putting unnecessary strain on individual connection points.
5G will provide unbelievably fast broadband speeds, but more importantly it will have enough capacity to perform every function needed without loss of speed or connection, no matter how many people are connected simultaneously.
5G will run on a new “high-spectrum band”, which uses higher frequency signals than 4G. The new band will be much less congested, which will be vital for use with the Internet of Things. However signals won’t travel as far, so it will need more access points positioned closer together.
Larger cells will be used in the same way as they are now, with broad coverage, but urban areas, will be covered by multiple smaller cells, fitted in light poles, on the roofs of shops and homes, and even inside bricks in new buildings. Each of these will ensure that the connection will be regulated and seemingly standard across the board.
Algorithms will know how fast a device is travelling, so can adapt which cell it is connected to. For example, a connected car might require connection to a macro-cell in order to maintain its connection without having to re-establish continuously over distance, while a smartphone can connect to smaller cells with less area coverage as the next cell can be picked up easily and automatically in enough time to prevent the user noticing.
But you don’t just revolutionize global connectivity overnight. You have to build massive networks of antennae for internet providers.
4G boosted domestic GDP by $100 billion and led to an 84% increase in wireless-industry employment.
Companies in data-intensive industries like self-driving cars, IoT, and blockchain will migrate to areas with5G to stay competitive.
We look forward to playing a part with Huawei in making Australia 5G ready